|"Man tut mich aus dem Vaterland um Gottes Wort vertreiben"
|Berchtesgaden exiles 1685-1686:
|On the "Schaitberger pipe", a tobacco pipe brought to America in 1848 by a descendant of Joseph, the Bible on
Joseph's lap is open to Psalm 25, and in many editions of the Sendbrief a reference to this Psalm is placed
under his portrait. Schraubmedaille of the Salzburger Emigration, third from left, is #9 of 17 painted
medallions by Abraham Remshart of Augsburg in 1732 and shows Joseph. Note the two priests on both the
medallion and the family pipe. Joseph is in chains in both. The photo above left is the dungeon at
Hohensalzburg where Joseph was kept. The actual detention "room" is a hole under the grate on the floor.
Note the shackle hanging on the wall in both the photo and on the medallion, and the archway on the pipe and
in the photo. Even in this intimidating environment, Joseph did not recant his faith.
|Joseph Schaitberger in his answer to Gandolph:
"Most noble Prince, Our most gracious Lord: Those are truly strong and terrible words,
which our Lord Jesus Christ himself has spoken to hypocritical Christians,
who deny their faith before the world, when he says:
'He that is ashamed of me and denies me before men, of him will I be ashamed,
and will deny him before my Father and the holy angels.' Luke ix. and Matt.x.
These words, may it please your princely grace, move us not to deny our faith before men,
lest we should prove to be hypocrites in the sight of God and of men, which may God prevent."
They then told the Archbishop that they had always conducted themselves
as dutiful subjects, but as regarding things spiritual felt bound to obey God rather than man;
When specifically interrogated as to the worship of saints and the Lord's supper,
they gave a simple explanation of what they believed to be in accordance
with the plain teachings of the word of God. By doing this, they clearly announced their faith,
especially as to the doctrine of justification by faith alone, and their agreement with the
Augsburg Confession. In reference to the Lord's Supper, they expressed themselves:
"As regards the Holy Supper and Testament of our Lord Jesus Christ, it rests most heavily
upon our hearts and consciences, in view of our soul's salvation, as one of our highest duties.
But that we have not hitherto drank, according to Christ's command, the blood of Christ in the
cup, this we and our forefathers have ever lamented,
for it is indeed written, 'Drink ye all of it,' that is not only priests, but all men.' Matt.xxvi."
|In 1732-3, more Dürrnbergers and Berchtesgadeners emigrated to Holland and stayed or returned
to Frankfurt and elsewhere. Their names are on the Holland page under the Salzburg Exiles section.
|Gandolf enjoying a pipe
|Above, left to right: Stein made at the works of Christoph Wilhelm Schindler, Nürnberg, signed
Andreas Kordenbusch. Gift to Balthaßer Scheidtberger 1723; The Joseph Schaitberger exhibit at
the Fränkisches Freilandmuseum-Museum Kirche in Franken with a replica of the family pipe;
Schaitberger Haus Dürrnberg (now gone); Its kitchen, now in Museum
|About seventy families left Dürrnberg with Joseph, mostly friends, neighbors and relatives, almost
all of them salt miners and their families. Forced to leave penniless in the dead of a cold, raw winter,
most went to Mittelfranken in Germany, although some went to Saxony to find work in the mines.
All of their children under twelve years old were torn away and kept behind by force so as to be
raised as Catholics. Joseph and his wife lost their two tiny daughters and his sister Maria was ripped
from an infant, a toddler and a small child. Joseph's other siblings shared an equally harsh fate.
During his incarceration, Joseph was given the choice of recanting his faith or being exiled. He was
led to believe he would have three years until banishment, but he was misled. Having withstood the
dungeon, daily interrogations and back breaking labor on a starvation diet, the Archbishop's troops
were at his door almost immediately at Christmastime of 1685, taking his children from his arms and
forcing he and his wife to leave at once.
|Engraving of Joseph Scaitberger
done after his death (click)
|THE SALZBURG EXILES: JOSEPH SCHAITBERGER