Last week Louis Raemaekers, now grey, bespectacled and tuft-bearded at 71, was once more in
Manhattan. He had arrived in June, a refugee via England from Brussels, where he made his home
for 20 years. He liked Germans even less than in World War I. Said he on arriving: "The ideas that
the old German aristocrats had were not as bad as those of the rogues now in power." Last week,
when a show of Raemaekers' drawings, old & new, was opened in Manhattan's Holland House
gallery, he said: "People say I hate the Germans. I do not hate the Germans, I know them. You can
trust them just so long as there is nothing they can grab from you; so soon as you have something
they want and the opportunity comes for them, then it is all over. When you [the U. S.] wait until the
English are beaten, then it is too late for you."

The years between two wars showed in Raemaekers' charcoal stick, if not in his words. Where once
he drew blood, desolation, barbed wire, ravished women, a demoniacal Kaiser, he now pictured the
forces of the world in abstract, often obvious, images. Churchill was a bluff skipper, Stalin a leering
Satan, Hitler a skeleton, the U. S. Isolationist something like a village idiot. A devout Roman
Catholic, Raemaekers seemed increasingly preoccupied with the lonely, grave figure of Jesus
wandering through the world.

Louis Raemaekers lives modestly in Manhattan with a few of his possessions. He had sent to the
U. S. some 600 cartoons—he contributed about 350 a year to the Amsterdam Telegraaf -- forwarded
for safekeeping to Herbert Hoover's war library at Stanford University. For two months during the
summer Raemaekers drew a cartoon a week for the New York Herald Tribune. Now he works for
the afternoon tabloid PM. During World War I, Raemaekers made two cartoons a day, saw his work
blown up in posters as big as 15 by 20 yards, was so powerful that he could portray his employer,
Mr. Hearst, as an evil-looking dispenser of "seedition" (sowing seeds marked "cowardice" and
"treason"). An obvious likeness of Hearst, although it did not bear his name, the cartoon appeared in
Hearstpapers. Last week Louis Raemaekers hoped to shape U. S. opinion in World War II as he had
in World War I. (end)
"I Do Not Hate the Germans"  From September 30, 1940 Time Magazine
"It has been my one aim since the breaking out of the war to accentuate the brutish character of the
Germans. The brute is in them and I have tried to bring it out, but try as hard as I can I cannot depict
it strong enough. I cannot make my pictures as brutish as the actual truth." The mild-mannered,
chin-bearded little man who said those words in 1917 was Cartoonist Louis Raemaekers (rhymes
with ma-mockers). A half-German Dutchman, Cartoonist Raemaekers"wrote" (his own word)
charcoal drawings which stirred the world to fury against the brutish Hun, he just didn't like Germans.
His soul flamed within him at the sight of the horrible evil wrought in Belgium by the German
invasion. He was stirred to the depths by the knowledge seared into his soul that the worst
manifestations of wrong-doing were due, not to the sporadic excitement of private soldiers who cast
the shackles of discipline, but to the methodical, disciplined, coldly calculated, and ruthlessly
executed designs of the German military authorities. With extraordinary vigour he has portrayed
phase after phase of the evil they have done, sketching with a burning intensity of sympathy the
sufferings of the women and children. He has left a record which will last for many centuries, which,
mayhap, will last as long as the written record of the crime it illustrates.  He draws evil with the
rugged strength of Hogarth and in the same spirit of vehement protest and anger.
Text from ‘Land & Water’ Magazine; June 7, 1917
'The Genius of Raemaekers' by Theodore Roosevelt
The cartoons of Louis Raemaekers constitute the most powerful of the honourable contributions
made by neutrals to the cause of civilisation in the World War. Of course it is the combatants
themselves who have turnished, for good or evil, the heroes who, in history, will stand out for ever
more as towering figures of light or gloom against the lurid background of the war. The weak neutral
nations lacked the power to do aught, and are free from blame. The one neutral sufficiently powerful
to have played a great part—the United States—long failed to play that part; but, thank Heaven,
before it was too late for our nation to save its soul, we awoke to our duty and entered the war. In
these neutral countries certain prominent persons did mean things, either through timidity or because
of greed and gain. Among those who, on the contrary, acted manfully, Louis Raemaekers stands
foremost in the influence he has exerted. Peculiar credit attaches to him, and, in consequence to his
Peculiar credit attaches to him, and, in consequence, to his country, Holland; for Holland lay under
the very shadow of Germany, and therefore for a Hollander to bear testimony against the iniquity of
Germany showed a dauntless soul. He had no national feeling against the Germans; he was himself
half German by blood! Doubtless, had the wrong been done by England and France, he would have
assailed them with the same flaming sincerity of truth-telling that he has shown in dealing with
Germany. He decided his course of conduct as regards nations just as he would have decided in the
case of individual men.
When he arrived in Manhattan in 1917 to propagandize and work for Hearst papers, Raemaekers
said quietly: "It would be better — I know it is impossible, but still it would be better— if all the
Germans could be wiped off the face of the earth."
He draws sorrow and suffering with all Hogarth's depth of sympathy. His pictures should be studied
everywhere. Doubtless they would do most good in Germany; but with the exception of Germany,
the country that needs them most is our own Germany wronged the helpless; we beheld the
wrong-doing and failed to take effective action against the wrong-doers. All Americans worthy to call
themselves the spiritual heirs of the men who followed Washington and upheld the hands of Lincoln,
give fervent thanks that at last we also have joined the other free peoples of the world in the great
war for righteousness. (end)
The Fine Art of Hate
He judged them on their conduct in the crisis under consideration. This is the line that we all ought to
take. Exactly as we admire the Germany of Korner and Andreas Hofer in its struggle against the
tyranny of Napoleon's France, so we should sternly condemn and act against the Prussianised
Germany of the Hohenzollerns when it sins against humanity.Germany enticed Austria into beginning
the war by encouraging her to play the part of a bully toward little Serbia. She began her own share
of the war by the Belgian infamy, and she has piled infamy on infamy ever since. She brought
Turkey into the war, and looked on with approval when her ally perpetrated on the Armenian and
Syrian Christians cruelty worthy of Timur. She had practised with cold  calculation every species of
forbidden and abhorrent brutality, from the use of poison gas against soldiers to the use of conquered
civilians as State slaves and the wholesale butchery of women and children. No civilised nation in any
war for over a century has been guilty of a tithe of the barbarity which Germany has practised as a
matter of cold policy in this contest. Her offences against the United States, including the repeated
murder of American women and children, have been of the grossest character; and all upright
far-sighted citizens of our country must rejoice that we have now declared that we shall take part in
the war, both for the sake of bur own honour and for the sake of the international justice and fair
dealing among the nations of mankind.
One of the chief of Mr. Raemaekers' services has been his steady refusal to fog the issue by
denouncing war or militarism in terms that would condemn equally a war of ruthless conquest. such
as that waged by Germany against Belgium, and a war in defence of the fundamental rights of
humanity, such as that waged by Belgium against Germany. Timid souls who lack the courage to
stand up for the right; and utterly foolish souls who lack the vision to stand up for the right, and who
yet feel ashamed not to go through the motions of doing so, find a ready and safe refuge in an empty
denunciation of war. This is never objected to by the wrongdoer. On the contrary, it is in his interest;
for to denounce war in terms that include those who war in defence of right is to show oneself the
ally of those who do wrong. The Pacifists have been the most effective allies of the German
Militarists. The whole professional Pacifist movement in the United States has been really a
movement in the interest of the evil militarism of Germany. Raemaekers possessed too virile a
nature, too high a scorn of all that is base and evil, to be guilty of such short-comings.
In 1915, Teddy  Roosevelt said: "attempts to paint the Kaiser as a bloodthirsty devil are an absurdity.
He and his family have given honorable proof that they possess the qualities that are characteristic of
the German people. The Germans, from the highest to the lowest, have shown a splendid patriotism.
They themselves are fighting, each man for his own hearthstone, for his own wife and children, and
all for the future existence of the generations yet to come. The Germans are not merely brothers;
they are largely ourselves." He quickly changed his tune when it became politically expediant. A mere
two years later, he wrote the following glowing review of the notorious Louis Raemaekers.
The prospect of a fat, steady paycheck enticed a myriad of illustrators to put their talents to work for
war, and many Raemaekers clones also sprouted up, all diligently working at forming a new visual
image of Germans which provokes immediate loathing.
Louis Raemaekers, however, defined more than any the image of the modern German which would
from then on live in the hearts and minds of mankind. He remains untarnished by criticism.